Author Resources

Below we highlight some of the guides available to support you in preparing the manuscript.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word file format. All manuscripts will follow the same general style as described in this document. The manuscript template can be downloaded from this Word Format. The editors reserve the right to edit these files to ensure every article follows the same style.

Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word file format. All manuscripts will follow the same general style as described in this document. The manuscript template can be downloaded from this Word Format. The editors reserve the right to edit these files to ensure every article follows the same style.

General Rules
  • The article shall be written in good English (either American or British is accepted, but not a mixture of both)
  • Articles classifications:
    • Research Paper
    • Viewpoint
    • Case Study
    • Literature Review
    • Commentaries
    • Conceptual paper
  • The prefered paper length:
    • Research Paper : 5000-7000 words
    • Conceptual Paper : 4000-6000 words
    • Literature Review : 4000-6000 words
    • Book Review : 2000-3000 words
    • Letter to the Editor : 500-1000 words
    • Commentaries : 500-1500 words
  • The manuscript shall be formatted for an A4 size page.
  • The body text shall have both the left and right margins justified with single line spacing.
  • The font type shall be Cambria and size 11 points unless otherwise stated.
  • Paragraph Spacing before and after is 0 pt i.e. no blank lines between paragraphs
  • The first paragraph in each section or subsection is not indented but the following paragraphs are first-line indented 10mm.

Sections and subsections are formatted to three levels:


Heading 1 (Section heading): Cambria; Size - 11; Bold. Double-spaced before and single-spaced after

1.1 Research Methods

Heading 2 (Subheading): Cambria; Size - 11; Bold; capitalize each word, single-spaced before and after

1.1.1 Analysis of Results

Heading 3 (Sub-subheading): Cambria; Size – 1 Bold, Italicized; Centered, Capitalize the first word, single-spaced before and after.

Manuscript Structure

The manuscript should be organized into clearly defined sections, namely, introduction, literature review, methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments (if any), references and appendices (if any). Sections and subsections should be formatted as heading levels 1, 2 and 3 as shown in General Rules. Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 700 words. Authors are encouraged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Title of the Paper

The title should be concise and informative to adequately describe the content of the paper as it is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formula wherever possible. The title is centered on the page and is set in boldface (font size 14 pt). The first letter of each word in the title should be capitalized.

Authors’ Names and Affiliations

The author’s name is provided below the title and followed by the author’s affiliation. Please state the given name and family name clearly. If the article was written by more than one author, append their name to the first author. If the authors are with different affiliations, assign a sequential superscript number (beginning with “1”) immediately after the author's name and precedes the author’s affiliation. However, authors with the same affiliation will bear the same number.

The names and affiliations are centered on the page (font size 10 pt). A blank line is required to separate the title, the author's name list and the affiliation.

Corresponding Author’s E-mail

An email address of the author who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication is stated as a footnote at the first page. Clearly, indicate by placing an asterisk (“*”) after the author’s name and before the email address.

The email address should use Cambria font size, 8pt.


A concise and factual abstract is required (between 150 to 200 words) in one (1) paragraph. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methodology, the principal result, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. Do not cite references in the abstract.


Immediately after the abstract, provide between 3 to 5 keywords to clearly describe the subject matter, avoiding general and plural terms as well as multiple concepts. The keywords are listed in the lower case, alphabetical order, separated by commas and left and right margin justified (font size 10 pt).

Figures and Tables

Figures are numbered consecutively and the caption is placed centered below the figure. Similarly, tables are numbered consecutively in order of their appearance in the text. However, place the caption above the table body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Present figures and tables after the text which they are referenced as “Figure 1” or “Table 1”.


Equations are displayed separately from the paragraphs of text. They should be flushed to the left of the page. The equation should be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear in parentheses and on the right-hand side of the equation. Refer to equations in the text as "(1)". The text size of formula should be 10 points.


A conclusion section is required and should clearly discuss the advantages, limitations, possible applications and recommendations for future research.


Please acknowledge any organizations that have sponsored or supported this research. Individuals other than the authors who have given direct assistance could be acknowledged.


Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations in the text and reference list should follow the referencing style used by the APA style.

Citing and Listing of Web References

As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired or can be included in the reference list.


Journal Publication

[1] Jeon, I., Tan, L., Baek, J., J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. vol 48, issue 2 (2010) pp.1962-1972.[1] Jeon, I., Tan, L., Baek, J., J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. vol 48, issue 2 (2010) pp.1962-1972.


[2] L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, (1994) pp. 55- 70


[3] Transmission Systems for Communications, 3rd ed., Western Electric Co., Winston-Salem, NC, (1985) pp. 44–60.

Proceeding Papers

[4] S. P. Bingulac, “On the compatibility of adaptive controllers,” in Proc. 4th Annu. Allerton Conf. Circuit and Systems Theory, New York, (1994) pp. 8–16.

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The Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement for International Journal of Management, Accounting, Governance and Education (IMAGE) is dedicated to following best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions. The journal follows the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.

The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations/institutions and maintaining the digital archive.Publication Decisions

1. Duties of Editors

Publication Decisions

The editorial board is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published.

The editorial board will be guided by the policies of the journal and constrained by legal requirements related to libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Members of the editorial board will confer and refer to reviewers’ recommendations in making this decision.

Review of Manuscripts

Editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the Editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so. After passing this test, the manuscript is forwarded to at least three (3) reviewers for single-blind peer review, each of whom will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript. The review period will be up to 30 days.


An Editor, member of the editorial board or reviewer must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, political philosophy, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, or religious belief of the authors.


The review process takes place in two (2) stages. In the first stage the Editor must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, and other Editorial advisers. This stage concludes with an agreement between the author and reviewers about the continuation of their cooperation in the open reviewing forum in which issues of confidentiality do not arise. In the next stage, the submitted manuscript will be assigned for potential reviewers for single-blind peer review.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's, reviewer’s or any other reader’s own research without the express written consent to the author.

2. Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Reviewers assist the editorial board in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications during the open review process. The process may also involve the author in order to improve the paper.

Qualification of Reviewers

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process. The editorial board is responsible for ensuring the competence of the reviewers.


Authors will normally receive feedback about the acceptance of his/her paper for the reviewing process within two (2) weeks and in another four (4) weeks s(he) will normally receive the first response from the reviewers.

The editorial board is responsible for ensuring the promptness of responses in the peer review process.


Any manuscripts received for review in the peer review process are subjected to the criteria of enhancing their rationality through the mutual rational controls of critical discussion.

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Authors are encouraged to make explicit the internal criteria they use to evaluate the validity of their contributions to knowledge. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments in the spirit of enhancing the quality of the paper through the mutual rational controls of critical discussion.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. References to the ideas of others should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the Editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or ideas obtained through peer review must only be used with the explicit agreement of the participants in the peer review. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

3. Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to judge the validity of the contributions to knowledge. Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for at least two (2) years after publication. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors will submit only entirely original works and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from "passing off" another's paper as the author's own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Multiple Publication and Concurrent Publication

Submitting the same manuscript to more than one (1) journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication they permit the use of their work under a CC BY license [], which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one (1) journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one (1) journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. Others who have made significant contribution must be listed as co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author or reader discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal Editor and work with the Editor to retract or correct the paper.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

4. Duties of the Publisher

Handling of Unethical Publishing Behaviour

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the Editors-in-Chief, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum or, in the most severe cases, the complete retraction of the affected work. The publisher, together with the Editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.


The Publisher does not discriminate on the basis of age, colour, religion, creed, disability, marital status, veteran status, national origin, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status, or sexual orientation in its publishing programs, services and activities.

Access to Journal Content

The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations/institutions and maintaining the digital archive.